Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell (May 5, 1883 - May 24, 1950) was a British General and the commander of British Army forces in the Middle East during World War II. He led British forces to victory over the Italians, only to be defeated by the German army.
Wavell attended Winchester College and Sandhurst Military Academy. He fought in the second Boer War, World War I, and World War II, when he served as Commander of British forces in the Middle East until he was replaced by Claude Auchinleck in 1941. He was then transferred to India, where he served as Commander-in-Chief. In 1943, Wavell was named Viceroy of India,l again being replaced in his military post by Auchinleck, until shortly before Indian independence was realised in 1947.