David Fiodorovich Oistrakh (Russian: Давид Фёдорович Ойстрах; September 30, 1908 – October 24, 1974) was a Soviet Ukrainian violinist who made many recordings, and was the dedicatee of numerous violin works. His recordings and performances of Shostakovich's violin concerti are particularly well known, but he was also a performer of classical concerti. He worked with orchestras in Russia, and also with musicians in Europe and the United States. Another famous recording is the one he made of Beethoven's Triple Concerto with Sviatoslav Richter and Mstislav Rostropovich. Aram Khachaturian's violin concerto is dedicated to him.
Oistrakh was also a well respected pedagogue, who spent his formidable years on the faculty of the Moscow Conservatory among such greats as Yuri Yankelevich and Boris Goldstein.
David Oistrakh was the father of violinist Igor Oistrakh. The two made numerous recordings together.
He passed away while in Amsterdam in 1974. His remains were returned to Moscow where he was interred in Novodevichy Cemetery.