Annie Oakley (13 August 1860 - 3 November 1926) née Phoebe Ann Moses, born in Darke County, Ohio, United States, was a markswoman in the American west. After defeating a sideshow marksman named Frank Butler in 1880, she married him. She joined the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show in 1885, and was advertized as the "Little Miss Sure Shot." Oakley had such good aim that she knocked the ashes off a cigarette in the mouth of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.
In 1901 she was badly injured in a railway crash, but she recovered and resumed her career.
The musical Annie Get Your Gun, is loosely based on the life of Oakley.