Thomas Mann (June 6, 1875 - August 12, 1955) was a German writer and Nobel laureate.
Mann was born in Lübeck. His father was a senator and grain merchant, but died when his son was only 15. The family then moved to Munich, where Mann lived from 1891 until 1933, with the exception of a brief one-year stay in Palestrina, Italy with his brother Heinrich in his early career. He married Katja Pringsheim, daughter of a prominent, secularized Jewish family of intellectuals. He emigrated from Nazi Germany to Küsnacht near Zürich, Switzerland in 1933, then in 1942 to Pacific Palisades, California, USA, returned to Europe in 1952, and lived in Kilchberg near Zürich where he died in 1955.
He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1929, for Buddenbrooks.
He was the younger brother of Heinrich Mann.
He was the father of Klaus, Erika, Golo (Angelus Gottfried Thomas), Monika, Elisabeth and Michael Mann.
Most of his novels deal with the tension between the unsteady,death-loving artist and the law-obeying, life-affirming citizen. Mann's diaries, unsealed in 1975, speak movingly of his own struggles with his homosexual desires, which found reflection in his works. Mann described his feelings for young violinist and painter Paul Ehrenberg the "central experience of my heart".
Some of his works are frequently included in the Western canon.
Little Herr Friedemann (1898) = Der kleine Herr Friedemann
Buddenbrooks (1901) = Buddenbrooks - Verfall einer Familie
Tonio Kröger (1903)
Royal Highness (1909) = Königliche Hoheit
Death in Venice (1912) = Der Tod in Venedig
Reflections of an Unpolitical Man (1918) = Betrachtungen eines Unpolitischen
The German Republic (1922) = Von deutscher Republik
The Magic Mountain (1924) = Der Zauberberg
Disorder and Early Sorrow (1926) = Unordnung und frühes Leid
Mario and the Magician (1930) = Mario und der Zauberer
Joseph and His Brothers (1933-43) = Joseph und seine Brüder
The Tales of Jacob (1933)
The Young Joseph (1934)
Joseph in Egypt (1936)
Joseph the Provider (1943)
The Problem of Freedom (1937) = Das Problem der Freiheit
Lotte in Weimar or The Beloved Returns (1939)
The Transposed Heads (1940) = Die vertauschten Köpfe - Eine indische Legende
Doctor Faustus (1947) = Doktor Faustus
The Holy Sinner (1951) = Der Erwählte
Confessions of Felix Krull Confidence Man, The Early Years (1922/1954) = Bekenntnisse des Hochstaplers Felix Krull. Der Memoiren erster Teil (unfinished)