John Duncan MacLean (1873-1948) was a teacher, physician, politician and Premier of British Columbia. MacLean was a practicing doctor in the town of Greenwood when he was elected in 1916 to the provincial legislature as a Liberal He served as minister of education and provincial secretary in the cabinets of Harlan Carey Brewster and John Oliver before becoming minister of finance in 1924. Maclean became premier when Oliver died in 1927 at a time when the government was in decline. He was unable to reverse his party's fortunes and was defeated in the 1928 election by the rival Conservatives. Later that year he attempted to enter the Canadian House of Commons in a by-election as a Liberal candidate but was defeated by less than one hundred votes. He spent the rest of his life as chairman of the Canadian Farm Loan Board.