Alfred Mossman "Alf" Landon (September 9, 1887 - October 12, 1987) was an American Republican politician from Kansas, notable nationally for his 1936 nomination as the Republican opponent of Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Born in West Middlesex, Pennsylvania, in 1887, Landon moved to Kansas and was a millionaire in the oil industry by 1929. He was elected Governor of Kansas in 1933 and served until 1937; as Governor, Landon supported parts of the New Deal but opposed labor unions.
In 1936, Landon chose not to run for reelection as Governor but to become the Republican presidential nominee opposing the reelection of FDR. The 1936 Presidential election was extraordinarily lopsided, with Landon carrying only Maine and Vermont, and losing the popular vote by more than 10 million votes. The overwhelming Roosevelt victory prompted Democratic party boss James Farley to joke, "As Maine goes, so goes Vermont."
His daughter, Nancy Landon Kassebaum, was a United States Senator from Kansas.