Biography Base Home
  Biography Base Home | Link To Us
Search Biographies:
Papa Jack Laine Biography
George Vital Laine aka Papa Jack (September 21, 1873 - June 1, 1966) was the most busy and perhaps the most important band leader in New Orleans in the years from the Spanish-American War to World War I.

1906Many of the New Orleans musicians who first spread jazz around the USA in the 1910s and 1920s got their start in the Laine bands.

Laine was a drummer, but was more noted for his skills at arranging and booking bands. He often had several different bands playing parades, dances, and advertising events around town at the same time. He ususally used the band name "Reliance" for parade marching band jobs.

Laine's musicians included individuals from most of New Orleans' many ethnic groups-- French, Italian, German, Jewish, Latin American, etc. It also included African American musicians. Laine started leading bands before the Jim Crow codes went into effect in New Orleans. Even after segregation laws started demanding "whites" and "colored" be kept separate, Laine continued to hire light and medium light skinned African-American musicians, claiming that they were "Cuban" or "Mexican" if any segregationist tried to start trouble. Hence some musicians who played with black bands like those of Buddy Bolden and Joe King Oliver also played with Laine. Thus there was a wide cross-fertilization of musical ideas in the Laine organization.

Laine retired from the music booking business by 1920, but he lived a long life past 90, and was interviewed a number of times, providing first hand accounts of the early days of the development of New Orleans jazz.

Laine hired well over 100 musicians to play in his bands. Some of the more prominent musicians with his bands included:

Chink Martin Abraham
Giuseppe Allesandra
Achille Baquet
Theogene V. Baquet
Vincente Barocco
Norman Brownlee
Abbie Brunies
George Brunies
Merrit Brunies
Richie Brunies
Joe Castro
Emile Christian
Frank Christian
Johnny Detroit
Eddie Edwards
Marcus Kahn
Joe Lala
Johnny Lala
Nick LaRocca
Ray Lopez
Arnold Loyacano
Joe Loyacano
Leonce Mello
Gussie Mueller
Alcide Nunez
Dave Perkins
Alphonse Picou
Harry Shannon
Larry Shields
Henry Ragas
Tony Sbarbaro
Ragbaby Stephens
Ricky Toms
Lawrence Veca
Papa Jack Laine Resources
Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Sitemap

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Papa Jack Laine.