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John Hadley Biography
John Hadley (April 16, 1682 - February 14, 1744) invented the sextant around 1730. The sextant allows its user to determine the elevation of celestial objects with respect to the horizon. If the position of the object on the sky and the time of the observation are known, it is easy for the user to calculate his latitude. The sextant proved extremely valuable for navigation and displaced the use of the astrolabe.
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article John Hadley.