John Kenneth Galbraith (born October 15, 1908) is something of an iconoclast among North American economists: he is an "old-fashioned" Keynesian with progressive values and a gift for writing accessible, popular books on economic topics in which he takes delight in describing ways in which economic theory does not always mesh with real life.
Galbraith was born in Iona Station, Ontario, Canada. He graduated from the University of Toronto and then got an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley.
During World War II, Galbraith served a tenure as deputy head of the Office of Price Administration. After the war, he became an advisor to post-war administrations in Germany and Japan.
In 1949, Galbraith was appointed professor of economics at Harvard University.
He was a friend of President John F. Kennedy and was appointed by Kennedy as U.S. ambassador to India from 1961 to 1963. There he attempted to aid the Indian government with developing the economy.
In American Capitalism: The concept of countervailing power a seminal work published in 1952, Galbraith outlines how the American economy in the future would be managed by a triumvirate of big business, big labour, and an activist government. He contrasted this with the previous pre-depression era where big business had free reign over the economy.
In another work, The Affluent Society, which became a bestseller, Galbraith outlines how to be successful the United States would need to make large public investments in items such as highways and education. In The New Industrial State (1967), he argues that very few industries in the United States fit the model of perfect competition. In A Short History of Financial Euphoria (1990), he traces financial bubbles through several centuries, and cautions that what currently seems to be "the next great thing" may not be that great and may have quite irrational factors promoting it.
Galbraith's son, James K. Galbraith, is also a prominent economist.
"Faced with the choice between changing one's mind and proving that there is no need to do so, almost everybody gets busy on the proof."
Modern Competition and Business Policy, 1938.
A Theory of Price Control, 1952.
American Capitalism: The concept of countervailing power, 1952.
The Great Crash, 1929, 1954.
The Affluent Society, 1958.
The Liberal Hour, 1960
The New Industrial State, 1967.
The Triumph (a novel), 1968.
Ambassador's Journal, 1969.
Economics, Peace and Laughter, 1972.
Power and the Useful Economist, 1973, AER
Economics and the Public Purpose, 1973
The Age of Uncertainty (also a BBC 13 part television series), 1977.
Annals of an Abiding Liberal, 1979.
A Life in Our Times, 1981.
A Tenured Professor, 1990.
A Journey Through Economic Time, 1994.
The Good Society: the humane agenda, 1996.
The Nature of Mass Poverty
Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went