Lodovico Ferrari (February 2, 1522 - October 5, 1565) was an Italian mathematician.
He began his career as the servant of Gerolamo Cardano. He was extremely bright, so Cardano started teaching him mathematics. Ferrari aided Cardano on his solutions for quadratic and cubic equations, and was mainly responsible for the solution of quartic equations that Cardano published. While still in his teens, Ferrari was able to obtain a prestigious teaching post after Cardano resigned from it and recommended him. Ferrari eventually retired young (only 42) and quite rich. He then moved back to his home town to take up a professorship of mathematics in 1565. Shortly thereafter, he died of arsenic poisoning, allegedly murdered by his sister.