Reuben Eaton Fenton (4 July 1819 to 15 August 1885) was born in Cattaraugus County, New York and later became a resident of Jamestown in Chautauqua County, New York. Fenton was governor of New York from 1865 to 1868. He also served in the state assembly (1850), the senate (1869-1875), and the congress (1853 to 1855 and 1857 to 1865). In 1868 he was named as a candidate to be Vice President. He died in Jamestown, New York.
Fenton was one of the founders of the Rebublican Party and was an advocate against slavery. He was a friend of Abraham Lincoln. Fenton was known as "the soldiers' friend" for his efforts to help returning Civil War veterans. Fenton worked to remove tuition charges for public education, helped to establish six schools for training teachers, and signed the charter for Cornell University.
His former home in Jamestown is the site of the Fenton Historical Society.