Michael Ellis DeBakey, M.D. (September 7, 1908 - ) is a pioneering cardiovascular surgeon and researcher.
He was born in Lake Charles, Louisiana, United States. He received his Bachelor's and M. D. degrees from Tulane University in New Orleans.
In 1937, DeBakey joined the faculty of Tulane. He volunteered for military service during World War II, becoming the Director of the Surgical Consultants' Division in the United States Army Surgeon General's Office. During his term, proposed a series of mobile field medical units called Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals or M.A.S.H.'s that allowed experienced medical service that could be quickly accessed by the wounded.
In 1953, DeBakey performed the first successful endarterectomy.
In 1966, DeBakey was the first to successfully implant an artificial heart.
In 1969, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. During the same year, the Baylor College of Medicine separated from Baylor University under his direction.
In 1987, President Ronald Reagan awarded him the National Medal of Science.
Both the DeBakey High School for Health Professions and the Michael E. DeBakey Veteran's Affairs Hospital in the Texas Medical Center in Houston are named after him.